Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic Stroke, Ischemic Infarct and Ischemic Treatment

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Ischemic Stroke Treatment

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Approximately 700,000 stokes occur every year in the United States and most of them are caused by ischemia, a blockage in the blood vessel that stops the blood flow to a portion of the brain. Usually, fatty deposits or a blood clot moves through the blood vessels and becomes lodged in a tiny vessel of the brain. This condition is known as ischemic stroke and may be fatal if not treated immediately. It is imperative to be aware of the signs and symptoms and to report the event without delay to an emergency response system. Ischemic stroke treatment is required quickly for a good prognosis and to prevent further damage to the brain.

Signs and Symptoms of Stroke

People who are experiencing a stroke may complain of a severe headache or an intense pressure in an area of their head. Depending on the part of the brain affected, additional symptoms may include:Ischemic Stroke Treatment

• Drooping of one side of the face including the eye and mouth
• Loss of sensation or the ability to stand on one or both legs
• The inability to raise one or both arms above the head
• Confusion and agitation
• Loss of consciousness

Ischemic Stroke Treatment with Medication

Treatment of stroke must be performed as an emergency and the victim must receive professional medical care as soon as possible. The longer the brain is deprived of oxygen, the greater amount of injury will be sustained. The treatment is largely dependent on the history, physical condition and the medications the patient has been taking. Most often, the physician elects to use a clot dissolving medication that is injected into the vein with the goal to remove the blockage quickly and without incidence. These medications are potentially harmful and the patient must be monitored in an intense care situation for adverse effects of the injection.

Surgical Interventions for Ischemic Stroke Treatment

If the blockage to the brain is not resolved with medications, the physician may refer the patient to a neurosurgeon for the surgical removal of the blood clot or blockage. The patient is prepped quickly and the surgeon removes the blockage with the guidance of CT scan imagery and MRI assistance. The patient is taken to the intensive unit for post-surgical care and is monitored closely for adverse effects of brain injury and the effectiveness of the surgical procedure.

Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke

Recent technology and the new development of treatments and surgical procedures have improved the outlook and prognosis for stroke markedly. Victims who receive treatment early usually have better outcomes.